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Saturday, May 2, 2015

Global Warning and Save Green

 Our generation has inherited a very beautiful world from our parents and they from their parents. It is in our hands whether our children and their children inherit the same world "- Richard Branson.Advances in science and technology has revolutionized human civilization throughout the truest sense. This has brought us to the point where we can assume that everything that we imagine and understand practically achievable. Nowadays, when our lives are surrounded by so many digitization and hi-tech machinery, when the rapidness of the development and research is very impressive, it is quite easy to forget the inescapable fact that we are damaging our mother world with a speed that has never happened before. So often in the field to satisfy our hunger achieve economic supremacy and the feasibility of the industry, we fail to realize that we really soured our natural resources. We, along with all the progress we disturb the ecological balance and the environment at a frantic pace that the whole of human history has never witnessed  floods, hurricanes, cyclones, drought, excessive rainfall, and sometimes we experienced a prolonged drought, this will allows the melting of permafrost in polar hemisphere, which will result in fatal continuity of life and now is an important time to understand that if we continue to exploit nature and affect the climate balance and do nothing to alleviate this problem, we are bound to face the devastating consequences ,Climate change raises clear, catastrophic threats. We may not agree on the extent, but we certainly can not afford the risk of inaction. To better understand this issue, we must first learn what climate change and the factors responsible for them. Climate change term is often used interchangeably with the term global warming, but according to the National Academy of Sciences, "The phrase 'climate change' grown used preferably to 'global warming' because it helps convey that there are [other] changes in addition to the temperature rise." Climate change refers to the significant changes in the size of the climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.Earth maintains an average temperature of the heating system with natural and self-automated gas that surrounds it. Carbon dioxide and other gases such as methane, nitrogen dioxide and Chloro Flouro Carbon (CFC) still warm the Earth by trapping solar heat in the atmosphere. This trapped heat is very important in keeping the Earth's temperature in the range where it inhabited. However, uncontrolled increase in emissions of carbon dioxide and other warming gases for decades it has been thickened boundaries which now retains the atmosphere much hotter than the acceptable range. Furthermore, the increase in carbon dioxide and other gases in the atmosphere have also increased the "Greenhouse Effect" where a lot of heat is generated. This excessive amount of heat has been disarrayed earth's natural thermo-equilibrium resulting in the form of global warming with all the associated climate effects.In fact, climate change is a natural phenomenon that occurs since several thousand years. Environmental scientists insist that the Earth's temperature is always on the increase gradually with no or very limited impact on the overall environment. This includes a gradual trend over a period of 650,000 years show a gradual rise of scientists who initially considered a "slow-motion catastrophe" unexpected to show the consequences of the earliest generation later. Needless to say, time has proved this estimate is wrong because the signs of climate change due to the earth's temperature rise has accelerated dramatically in the last two centuries. Graphical relationship between time and temperature of the earth proved a dramatic shift and unmatched in the trend with the temperature rising many times faster than ever before in history. Based on data from the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, it is estimated that the average global surface temperature has increased by about 0.3 to 0.6 degrees Celsius since the late 19th century to the present, and an increase of 0.2 to 0.3 degrees over the last 40 years. This increase may have been the largest of any century during the past 1,000 years. The current rate of increase in greenhouse gases is unprecedented during at least the last 20,000 years. And with the help of climate models based on mathematical simulations, it is estimated that by 2050, global temperature will rise about 5 degrees Celsius with some severe impacts can not be avoided.There are a number of natural factors responsible for climate change. Some that stand out are continental drift, volcanoes, ocean currents, the slope of the Earth, and comets and meteorites. But anthropogenic factors are the real culprits that have induced such as uncontrolled emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases and the average temperature because it is high. Anthropogenic factors are human activities affect the environment and climate change. In some cases, however, the chain of causality is clear and unambiguous while in others it is less clear. Various assumptions of human-influenced climate change has been debated for years but only now widely accepted without any doubt that the main cause of climate change is human activity. Even those who until a few years ago did not believe that humans have an impact on the climate, it is now acknowledged that there is scientific evidence that this is happening.Industrial Revolution, began in the late 19th century, has had a great influence on the climate. The discovery of the engine and increased burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas have increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Since then, human consumption of fossil fuels has increased levels of CO2 concentration of ~ 280 ppm to ~ 387 ppm today. This increased concentration is projected to reach the range of 535-983 ppm by the end of the 21st century. Now it is known that carbon dioxide levels are substantially higher now than at any time in the past 750,000 years. With the concept of prevailing global economic and accelerated industrialization of developing countries such as India and China, 70 million tons of CO2 discharged into the atmosphere every day. In addition to CO2, methane is a greenhouse gas in the atmosphere Another important. Approximately ¼ of all methane emissions said to come from a pet such as dairy cows, goats, pigs, buffaloes, camels, horses, and sheep. These animals produce methane during the cud-chewing. Methane is also released from rice or rice paddy fields are flooded during sowing and maturity period. When the ground is covered with water it becomes anaerobic or less oxygen. In such conditions, the methane-producing bacteria and other organisms decompose organic matter in the soil to form methane. Almost 90% of the rice-growing area in the world is found in Asia, rice is the staple food there. China and India, among them, have 80-90% of the area of ​​rice fields in the world. Methane is also emitted from landfills and other landfills. If the waste is put into incineratorchanges fueled by gas is expected to lead to an increase from 1.4 to 5.6 ° C between 1990 and 2100. The cement manufacturing industry in particular, the contribution of CO2 when calcium carbonate is heated, producing lime and carbon dioxide, as well as as a result of burning fossil fuels. The cement industry produces 5% of global man-made CO2 emissions, of which 50% came from chemical processes, and 40% from burning fuel. The amount of CO2 emitted by the cement industry is almost 900 kg of CO2 for every 1000 kg of cement produced. [Out] or burned in the open, the carbon dioxide emitted. Methane is also emitted during the process of oil drilling, coal mining, and also from gas pipeline leaks (due to accidents and poor maintenance of the site). A large amount of nitrous oxide emissions have been linked to fertilizer application. Other gases, nitrous oxide, which is emitted in a very large of fertilizer can cause serious damage. This climateOne other major factor of climate change Improved Land Use. Agricultural practices, irrigation and deforestation fundamentally change the environment. Due to increasing urbanization and industrial growth, increased human populations require house as a residence, forest fires and the number of tree felling, without having to replant, this will increase the temperature of the earth is getting hotter,Receive the factors that cause it, the majority of scientists now agree that climate change is real and pose a very serious global threat. Climate change has shown some signs of shocking and horrible in the whole world. They now affect the lives of millions of people worldwide and is expected to get much more violent in the future. In particular, many developing countries even though they have contributed the most in the process of climate change will be the ones at greatest risk to face the consequences. As mentioned at the annual meeting of the Inter-Indigenous Issues Support Group (IASG) in Montreal in September 2007, "that the indigenous peoples are often among society's most marginalized and poor in the world and will bear the brunt of climate change disaster and thereby giving a human face on climate change crisis ".In Asia, an estimated temperature rise of 2-8 degrees Celsius in the next 8-10 years affecting the lives of people with climatic variations such as declining rainfall, crop failures and more flooding. Tropical forests, which is a haven for biodiversity, as well as the cultural diversity of indigenous people, is under serious danger of forest fires. People in low-lying areas of Bangladesh and India such as Calcutta, could be displaced by a one-meter rise in sea level. The rise could also threaten the coastal areas of Japan and China. This could mean a big dislocation not only hundreds and thousands, but more than one hundred million people from Asia alone. Examples of recent heavy rains in the upper part of India especially Mumbai is inherently associated with rapid climate change. In the Himalayans, there is melting glaciers affecting hundreds of millions of rural dwellers who depend on the seasonal flow of water. Increased temperatures will melt the ice quickly following more water in the short term, but less in the long run as glaciers and snow cover shrink. Heating upland areas tend to mean that population growth, settlement expansion and encroachment tends to be a major management challenge and external influences likely to have an impact on indigenous peoples and their lands. In South Africa, climate change will affect hundreds of kilometers of land covered with vegetation and used for grazing. Since high temperatures will increase the number of times the wind speed, the wind speed is high will result in the region losing most of the vegetation cover and hence, becomes less viable for indigenous peoples living in the region. In addition, the drought will be more common with food safety as a major issue for indigenous peoples who live in the Kalahari desert like and Sahara. In Europe and parts of Russia, indigenous peoples have noticed the arrival of new species of plants that have not been seen in the region before. The hot summer has provided the conditions for new plants to thrive in rivers and lakes. This has disrupted the natural habitat of fish; hence, the fishing opportunities have been declining due to the closure of the lake due to new plant growth. Also, a new bird species have arrived and birds now stay longer in villages than before.In North America, heat waves will increase evaporation and deplete underground water resources. There may be impacts on health, plant cover, wildlife populations, tribal water rights and individual agricultural operations, and a reduction in service parts for the reduction in income from the lease of land. Furthermore, natural disasters such as hurricanes, floods in like Katrina that caused the lives of approximately 1,836 people and damage cost $ 89.6 billion, will be more common.The Polar Regions that are Artic and Greenland experienced some of the most rapid climate change and the weight of the earth. With rising temperatures, Arctic ice is becoming less stable, unusual weather patterns occurring, vegetation cover change and certain animals such as polar bears and seals are on the verge of extinction. Local landscapes, seascapes and icescapes become accustomed to, making people feel like strangers in their own country. In addition, the weather in the Artic will be unpredictable and extreme with time, length and character of the rainy season, including in the autumn and winter and hotter in summer. In some traditional village in Alaska, the entire community should be relocated because of erosion due to melting permafrost and large waves slamming against the west and the north coast.Coastal indigenous peoples would be threatened by storm-related erosion due to melting sea ice. Scientists have estimated that if only half of the ice in the Artic and Greenland melted, sea levels worldwide would rise up to 40 feet above the ground undulating large portion of which is the home of the billions of human beings and other living creatures.No matter how discouraging the future seem now, all is not gloom and doom. Al Gore, winner of the Nobel Prize for his efforts to the causes of climate change, said in a speech at the National Sierra Club Convention, on September 9, 2005 "The good news is we know what to do. The good news is that we have everything we need now to answer the challenge of global warming. We have all the technology we need, still being developed, and which has become more available and affordable when produced in scale, they will make it easier to respond. But we did not have to wait, we can not wait, we do not have to wait. "Since the advent of some of the first challenges of climate change, countries around the world have decided to start the program as one of the global community to combat this menace is fast approaching. First World Climate Conference recognized climate change as a serious problem in 1979. Since then, a number of conferences and conventions have been held all over the world with the formation of several international bodies and agreements. In 1988, more than 2,500 bodies in the world's leading climate scientists, economists, and risk analysis experts from 80 countries formed as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). This panel was mandated to assess the state of existing knowledge about the climate system and climate change; environmental impacts, economic, social and climate change; and the possible response strategies. The report released this body has a strong impact on both policy makers and the general public and provide a basis for negotiations at the Climate Change Convention. In 1992, The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was signed in Rio de Janeiro by 154 countries, including the United States. This summit became the largest ever gathering of Heads of State.In December 1997, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change adopted the code of conduct based on the consensus that contains new emissions targets for developed countries for the period post-2000. This international agreement referred to as "The Kyoto Protocol" or "The Kyoto Treaty". Since the developed countries in the world are responsible for 83.7% of total emissions, the protocol asked developed countries to commit to reducing their collective emissions of six major greenhouse gases by at least 5%. Although an important milestone, the Kyoto agreement has not been completely effective as as it aims to reduce carbon emissions in the future but did not propose solutions to negate the influence of carbon that has been emitted into the atmosphere. Other global initiatives such as the UNESCO Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB), the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the WHO Programme for Climate and many others are working to address climate change.The purpose of all these organizations and conventions is to reduce or at least minimize all the factors that are responsible for climate change. Efforts decisive, urgent and collective required at the country level, the communal and the individual to deal with this problem. One of the most effective ways to do that is to Improve Awareness and Use of Bio-Energy. Bio-Energy is the energy available from materials derived from biological sources. It is actually the energy generated from bio-mass. Biomass is material derived from living organisms, including plants, animals and their by-products such as wood. Manure, garden waste and crop residues are a source of biomass. It is a renewable energy source based on the carbon cycle, like other natural resources such as petroleum, coal, and nuclear fuels. As Henry Ford at the beginning of the 20th century "The fuel of the future will come from the fruit ... weeds, sawdust-almost anything ..."Efficient biomass combustion produces little or no net emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, because bio-energy crop plants actually take the same amount of carbon dioxide from the air as they grow. However, the burning of conventional fossil fuels such as gasoline, oil, coal or natural gas results in an increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which is considered the main gas responsible for global climate change. Some nitrogen oxides certainly result from the combustion of biomass (as with all of the combustion process) but is comparable to emissions from natural forest fires, and generally lower than those from fossil fuel combustion. Other gas emissions associated with fossil fuel use by farm equipment, and with the application of inorganic fertilizers for bio-energy crops. However, this can be offset by an increase in carbon storage in the soil organic matter compared with conventional plants. Utilization of biomass residues that would otherwise have been disposed of in landfills (eg urban and industrial residues) greatly reduce greenhouse gas emissions by preventing the formation of methane.In addition, bio-energy can be effectively used in almost every industry, manufacturing and home applications worldwide. Wood, construction waste, landfill gas, and bio-liquid fuel such as bio-diesel and bio-oil can be used to produce energy that can be converted into electricity and heat. Bio-liquid fuel such as ethanol, bio-diesel and bio-oil can be used to power cars and other transport. Being the fourth biggest energy resource after coal, oil and natural gas, the energy produced from bio-mass can meet up to 14% of the world's total primary energy demand and the latest statistics show that only 10-15% of the total potential source of bio-energy has been used so far by the human population worldwide.Along with outstanding results and efficient in reducing global carbon emissions and meet most of the global demand for energy, Bio-Energy from bio-mass also has some major socio-economic benefits. These benefits include increased rural incomes and reduce poverty in developing countries, restoration of unproductive and degraded lands and the promotion of economic development, diversification of agricultural output, a reduction in energy dependence and diversification of domestic energy supply, increased investment in land rehabilitation and effective use of the product waste-products. A recent economic survey found that bio-energy creates more permanent jobs than other energy sources with a decrease in unemployment and an increase in per capita income that contributes to a healthier lifestyle. It can also play a role in reducing food prices and ensure food security worldwide.In monitoring during the great opportunities the use of bio-energy can offer, every possible step should be taken by the UN and state governments around the world to replace fossil fuels with biofuels. Because practically unrealistic to completely replace fossil fuels, intense efforts should be made to utilize as much natural energy sources such as it might be. At the individual level too, we must adapt to climate change and to change our lifestyles to bring the overall carbon emissions under control. Driving less, driving a fuel-efficient cars, prefer gas over oil, power-efficient, using less paper and plant more trees can be some small selection of each human can make to save the earth from destruction rapid climate change. This is not only an environmental issue. It is inherently linked to our life on the basis of moral, political, social, economic, ethical and more than anything else, on. We do not lack the resources and capabilities, but it is high time that we face the challenge of climate change with maximum determination and collective strategies.As this year According to the UNDP report on Human Development "There is a window of opportunity for avoiding the most damaging impacts of climate change, but the windows were shut: the world has less than a decade to change the direction of action taken or not taken in. Years ahead will have a huge bearing on the future direction of human development. The world does not have the financial resources nor the technological capabilities not to act. What is missing is a sense of urgency, collective interests and above all human solidarity ".

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